About Triticum aestivum
Triticum aestivum (bread wheat) is a major global cereal grain essential to human nutrition. Wheat was one of the first cereals to be domesticated, originating in the fertile crescent around 7000 years ago. Bread wheat is hexaploid, with a genome size estimated at ~17 Gb, composed of three closely-related and independently maintained genomes that are the result of a series of naturally occurring hybridisation events. The ancestral progenitor genomes are considered to be Triticum urartu (the A-genome donor) and an unknown grass thought to be related to Aegilops speltoides (the B-genome donor). This first hybridisation event produced tetraploid emmer wheat (AABB, T. dicoccoides) which hybridized again with Aegilops tauschii (the D-genome donor) to produce modern bread wheat.
Guidelines for gene nomenclature in wheat can be found in the 2013 edition of the Wheat Gene Catalogue available in GrainGenes. The Wheat Gene Catalogue is the internationally agreed rules of nomenclature for wheat genes.
Taxonomy ID 4565
Data source International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium
Genome assembly: IWGSC
More information and statistics
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This species has data on 15 additional cultivars. View list of cultivars
What can I find? Protein-coding and non-coding genes, splice variants, cDNA and protein sequences, non-coding RNAs.
Download genes, cDNAs, ncRNA, proteins - FASTA - GFF3
What can I find? Homologues, gene trees, and whole genome alignments across multiple species.
More about comparative analyses
Phylogenetic overview of gene families
Download alignments (EMF)
What can I find? Short sequence variants.
More about variation in Ensembl Plants
Download all variants - GVF - VCF - VEP
What can I find? Microarray annotations.
More about the Ensembl Plants microarray annotation strategy