FTP Download

You can download via a browser from our FTP site, use a script, or even use rsync from the command line.

API Code

If you do not have access to git, you can obtain our latest API code as a gzipped tarball:

Download complete API for this release

Note: the API version needs to be the same as the databases you are accessing, so please use git to obtain a previous version if querying older databases.

Database dumps

Entire databases can be downloaded from our FTP site in a variety of formats. Please be aware that some of these files can run to many gigabytes of data.

Looking for MySQL dumps to install databases locally? See our web installation instructions for full details.

Each directory on ftp://ftp.ensemblgenomes.org/plants contains a README file, explaining the directory structure.

Multi-species data

DatabaseMySQLTSVEMFMAFXML
Pan_compara Multi-speciesMySQLTSVEMFXML
Plants Multi-speciesMySQLTSVEMFMAFXML
Ensembl MartMySQL

Single species data

Popular species are listed first. You can customise this list via our home page.

SpeciesDNA (FASTA)cDNA (FASTA)CDS (FASTA)ncRNA (FASTA)Protein sequence (FASTA)Annotated sequence (EMBL)Annotated sequence (GenBank)Gene setsOther annotationsWhole databasesVariation (GVF)Variation (VCF)Variation (VEP)
YArabidopsis thalianaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
YOryza sativa Japonica GroupFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
YTriticum aestivumFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
YHordeum vulgareFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
YZea maysFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
YPhyscomitrella patensFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Actinidia chinensisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Aegilops tauschiiFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Amborella trichopodaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Ananas comosusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Arabidopsis halleriFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Arabidopsis lyrataFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Arabis alpinaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Beta vulgarisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Brachypodium distachyonFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Brassica napusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Brassica oleraceaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Brassica rapaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Camelina sativaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Cannabis sativa femaleFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Capsicum annuumFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Chara brauniiFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Chlamydomonas reinhardtiiFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Chondrus crispusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Citrullus lanatusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Citrus clementinaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Coffea canephoraFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Corchorus capsularisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Cucumis meloFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Cucumis sativusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Cyanidioschyzon merolaeFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Cynara cardunculusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Daucus carotaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Dioscorea rotundataFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Eragrostis curvulaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Eragrostis tefFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Galdieria sulphurariaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Glycine maxFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Gossypium raimondiiFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Helianthus annuusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Hordeum vulgare GoldenPromiseFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Ipomoea trilobaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Leersia perrieriFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Lupinus angustifoliusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Malus domestica GoldenFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Manihot esculentaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Marchantia polymorphaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Medicago truncatulaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Musa acuminataFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Nicotiana attenuataFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Nymphaea colorataFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Olea europaea var. sylvestrisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza barthiiFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza brachyanthaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza glaberrimaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza glumipatulaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza longistaminataFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza meridionalisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza nivaraFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza punctataFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza rufipogonFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Oryza sativa Indica GroupFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Ostreococcus lucimarinusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Panicum hallii FIL2FASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Panicum hallii HAL2FASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Phaseolus vulgarisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Pistacia veraFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Populus trichocarpaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Prunus aviumFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Prunus dulcisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Prunus persicaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Rosa chinensisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Saccharum spontaneumFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Selaginella moellendorffiiFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Setaria italicaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Setaria viridisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Solanum lycopersicumFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Solanum tuberosumFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Sorghum bicolorFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Theobroma cacao Belizian Criollo B97-61/B2FASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Theobroma cacao Matina 1-6FASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Trifolium pratenseFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Triticum aestivum CadenzaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Triticum aestivum ClaireFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Triticum aestivum ParagonFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Triticum aestivum RobigusFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Triticum aestivum WeebillFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Triticum dicoccoidesFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Triticum turgidumFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Triticum urartuFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Vigna angularisFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Vigna radiataFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP
Vitis viniferaFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAFASTAEMBLGenBankGTF GFF3TSV RDF JSONMySQLGVFVCFVEP

Metadata

Data files containing metadata for Ensembl Genomes from release 15 onwards can be found in the root directory or appropriate division directory of each release e.g. ftp://ftp.ensemblgenomes.org/pub/current/plants/.

The following files are provided:

To facilitate storage and download all databases are GNU Zip (gzip, *.gz) compressed.

About the data

The following types of data dumps are available on the FTP site.

FASTA
FASTA sequence databases of Ensembl gene, transcript and protein model predictions. Since the FASTA format does not permit sequence annotation, these database files are mainly intended for use with local sequence similarity search algorithms. Each directory has a README file with a detailed description of the header line format and the file naming conventions.
DNA
Masked and unmasked genome sequences associated with the assembly (contigs, chromosomes etc.).
The header line in an FASTA dump files containing DNA sequence consists of the following attributes : coord_system:version:name:start:end:strand This coordinate-system string is used in the Ensembl API to retrieve slices with the SliceAdaptor.
CDS
Coding sequences for Ensembl or ab initio predicted genes.
cDNA
cDNA sequences for Ensembl or ab initio predicted genes.
Peptides
Protein sequences for Ensembl or ab initio predicted genes.
RNA
Non-coding RNA gene predictions.
Annotated sequence
Flat files allow more extensive sequence annotation by means of feature tables and contain thus the genome sequence as annotated by the automated Ensembl genome annotation pipeline. Each nucleotide sequence record in a flat file represents a 1Mb slice of the genome sequence. Flat files are broken into chunks of 1000 sequence records for easier downloading.
EMBL
Ensembl database dumps in EMBL nucleotide sequence database format
GenBank
Ensembl database dumps in GenBank nucleotide sequence database format
MySQL
All Ensembl MySQL databases are available in text format as are the SQL table definition files. These can be imported into any SQL database for a local installation of a mirror site. Generally, the FTP directory tree contains one directory per database. For more information about these databases and their Application Programming Interfaces (or APIs) see the API section.
GTF
Gene sets for each species. These files include annotations of both coding and non-coding genes. This file format is described here.
GFF3
GFF3 provides access to all annotated transcripts which make up an Ensembl gene set. This file format is described here.
EMF flatfile dumps (comparative data)

Alignments of resequencing data are available for several species as Ensembl Multi Format (EMF) flatfile dumps. The accompanying README file describes the file format.

Also, the same format is used to dump whole-genome multiple alignments as well as gene-based multiple alignments and phylogentic trees used to infer Ensembl orthologues and paralogues. These files are available in the ensembl_compara database which will be found in the mysql directory.

MAF (comparative data)

MAF files are provided for all pairwise alignments containing human (GRCh38), and all multiple alignments. The MAF file format is described here.

dt class="bg1">GVF (variation data)
GVF (Genome Variation Format) is a simple tab-delimited format derived from GFF3 for variation positions across the genome. There are GVF files for different types of variation data (e.g. somatic variants, structural variants etc). For more information see the "README" files in the GVF directory.
VCF (variation data)
VCF (Variant Call Format) is a text file format containing meta-information lines, a header line, and then data lines each containing information about a position in the genome. This file format can also contain genotype information on samples for each position. More details about the format and its specifications are available here.
VEP (variation data)
Compressed text files (called "cache files") used by the Variant Effect Predictor tool. More information about these files is available here.
BED format files (comparative data)

Constrained elements calculated using GERP are available in BED format. For more information see the accompanying README file.

BED format is a simple line-based format. The first 3 mandatory columns are:

  • chromosome name (may start with 'chr' for compliance with UCSC)
  • start position. This is a 0-based position
  • end position.

More information on the BED file format...

Tarball

The entire Ensembl API is gzipped and concatenated into a single TAR file. This is updated daily.