Zea mays

Zea mays

Data Source MaizeSequence.org | Taxonomy ID 4577

About Zea mays

Zea mays (maize) has the highest world-wide production of all grain crops, yielding 875 million tonnes in 2012 (http://faostat.fao.org/). Although a food staple in many regions of the world, most is used for animal feed and ethanol fuel. Maize was domesticated from wild teosinte in Central America and its cultivation spread throughout the Americas by Pre-Columbian civilizations. In addition to its economic value, maize is an important model organism for studies in plant genetics, physiology, and development. It has a large genome of of about 2.4 gigabases with a haploid chromosome number of 10 (Schnable et al, 2009; Zhang et al, 2009). Maize is distinguished from other grasses in that its genome arose from an ancient tetraploidy event unique to its lineage.

More information and statistics

Gene annotation

What can I find? Protein-coding and non-coding genes, splice variants, cDNA and protein sequences, non-coding RNAs.

More about this genebuild

Download genes, cDNAs, ncRNA, proteins - FASTA - GFF3

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Comparative genomics

What can I find? Homologues, gene trees, and whole genome alignments across multiple species.

More about comparative analysis

Download alignments (EMF)

Variation

What can I find? Short sequence variants.

More about variation in Zea mays

More about variation in Ensembl Plants

Download all variants - GVF - VCF - VEP

Variant Effect Predictor