Hordeum vulgare

Hordeum vulgare

Data Source IBSC | Taxonomy ID 112509

The barley genome sequence in Ensembl Plants is version 030312v2, a gene-space assembly of Hordeum vulgare cv. Morex generated by the International Barley Genome Sequencing Consortium. The gene models are provided by MIPS.

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About Hordeum vulgare

Hordeum vulgare (barley) is the world's fourth most important cereal crop and an important model for ecological adaptation, having been cultivated in all temperate regions from the Arctic Circle to the tropics. It was one of the first domesticated cereal grains originating in the Fertile Crescent over 10,000 years ago. About two-thirds of the global barley crop is used for animal feed, while the remaining third underpins the malting, brewing, and distilling industries. Although the human diet is not a primary use, barley offers potential health benefits, and is still the major calorie source in several parts of the world. Barley is a diploid member of the grass family, making it a natural model for the genetics and genomics of the Triticeae tribe, including polyploid wheat and rye. With a haploid genome size of ~5.3 Gbp in 7 chromosomes, it is one of the largest diploid genomes sequenced to date.

More information and statistics

Gene annotation

What can I find? Protein-coding and non-coding genes, splice variants, cDNA and protein sequences, non-coding RNAs.

More about this genebuild

Download genes, cDNAs, ncRNA, proteins - FASTA - GFF3

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Comparative genomics

What can I find? Homologues, gene trees, and whole genome alignments across multiple species.

More about comparative analysis

Download alignments (EMF)

Triticum aestivum transcriptome

Wheat RNA-Seq, EST and UniGene datasets have also been aligned to the Hordeum vulgare genome:

Links

Links (Triticum aestivum)

  • MIPS Wheat Genome Database
  • ENA study ERP000319: 454 pyrosequencing of the Triticum aestivum (bread wheat) genome to 5X coverage
  • ENA study ERP001415: 454 sequencing of Triticum aestivum (bread wheat) cv. Chinese spring cDNA samples from a pool of tissues, from plants under drought stress and from circadian-sampled leaves
  • Triticum aestivum ESTs at ENA
  • Triticum aestivum UniGene cluster sequences at NCBI