Hordeum vulgare

Hordeum vulgare

Data Source IBSC | Taxonomy ID 112509

The barley genome assembly in Ensembl Plants is version 082214v1. This is a gene-space assembly of Hordeum vulgare cv. Morex generated by the International Barley Genome Sequencing Consortium. The gene models are provided by the PGSB group at the German Research Centre for Environmental Health. The data presented in Ensembl Plants has been organised as part of the U.K. Barley Genome Sequencing Project, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council.

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About Hordeum vulgare

Hordeum vulgare (barley) is the world's fourth most important cereal crop and an important model for ecological adaptation, having been cultivated in all temperate regions from the Arctic Circle to the tropics. It was one of the first domesticated cereal grains originating in the Fertile Crescent over 10,000 years ago. About two-thirds of the global barley crop is used for animal feed, while the remaining third underpins the malting, brewing, and distilling industries. Although the human diet is not a primary use, barley offers potential health benefits, and is still the major calorie source in several parts of the world. Barley is a diploid member of the grass family, making it a natural model for the genetics and genomics of the Triticeae tribe, including polyploid wheat and rye. With a haploid genome size of ~5.3 Gbp in 7 chromosomes, it is one of the largest diploid genomes sequenced to date.

More information and statistics

Gene annotation

What can I find? Protein-coding and non-coding genes, splice variants, cDNA and protein sequences, non-coding RNAs.

More about this genebuild

Download genes, cDNAs, ncRNA, proteins - FASTA - GFF3

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Transcriptome assembly in diploid einkorn wheat Triticum monococcum - Fox et al. [5]

Genome-wide transcriptomes of two Triticum monococcum subspecies were constructed, the wild winter wheat T. monococcum ssp. aegilopoides (accession G3116) and the domesticated spring wheat T. monococcum ssp. monococcum (accession DV92) by generating de novo assemblies of RNA-Seq data derived from both etiolated and green seedlings. Assembled data is available from the Jaiswal lab and raw reads are available from INSDC projects PRJNA203221 and PRJNA195398.

The de novo transcriptome assemblies of DV92 and G3116 represent 120,911 and 117,969 transcripts, respectively. They were mapped to the bread wheat, barley and Triticum urartu genomes using STAR. Click here for a barley example.

Triticum aestivum transcriptome

Wheat RNA-Seq, EST and UniGene datasets have also been aligned to the Hordeum vulgare genome:


Links (Triticum aestivum)

  • PGSB Wheat Genome Database
  • Triticum monococcum resources from Jaiswal Lab in Oregon State University
  • ENA study ERP000319: 454 pyrosequencing of the Triticum aestivum (bread wheat) genome to 5X coverage
  • ENA study ERP001415: 454 sequencing of Triticum aestivum (bread wheat) cv. Chinese spring cDNA samples from a pool of tissues, from plants under drought stress and from circadian-sampled leaves
  • Triticum aestivum ESTs at ENA
  • Triticum aestivum UniGene cluster sequences at NCBI