About Hordeum vulgare
Hordeum vulgare (barley) is the world's fourth most important cereal crop and an important model for ecological adaptation, having been cultivated in all temperate regions from the Arctic Circle to the tropics. It was one of the first domesticated cereal grains originating in the Fertile Crescent over 10,000 years ago. About two-thirds of the global barley crop is used for animal feed, while the remaining third underpins the malting, brewing, and distilling industries. Although the human diet is not a primary use, barley offers potential health benefits, and is still the major calorie source in several parts of the world.
Barley is a diploid member of the grass family (2n=14), making it a natural model for the genetics and genomics of the Triticeae tribe, including polyploid wheat and rye. With a haploid genome size of ~5.3 Gb in seven chromosomes, it is one of the largest diploid genomes sequenced to date.
This is the assembly of cultivar Morex, a six-row malting variety.
Taxonomy ID 112509
Data source Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research
Genome assembly: MorexV3_pseudomolecules_assembly
More information and statistics
Download DNA sequence (FASTA)
Display your data in Ensembl Plants
This species has data on 2 additional cultivars. View list of cultivars
What can I find? Protein-coding and non-coding genes, splice variants, cDNA and protein sequences, non-coding RNAs.
Download genes, cDNAs, ncRNA, proteins - FASTA - GFF3
What can I find? Homologues, gene trees, and whole genome alignments across multiple species.
More about comparative analyses
Phylogenetic overview of gene families
Download alignments (EMF)
What can I find? Short sequence variants.
More about variation in Ensembl Plants
Download all variants - GVF - VCF - VEP
What can I find? Microarray annotations.
More about the Ensembl Plants microarray annotation strategy