Triticum aestivum (IWGSC)

Triticum aestivum cultivars

Overview

The 10+ Wheat Genomes Project is a global partnership that leverages collaborative expertise and funding with the aim to characterise the wheat pan-genome. Created in 2011 following endorsement from the G20 Agriculture Ministries, the Wheat Initiative provides a framework to establish strategic research and organization priorities for wheat research at the international level in both developed and developing countries. Seeds of all cultivars included in the project can be ordered for research use through the Germplasm Resources Unit at the John Innes Centre, UK. This also includes additional info about country source and sowing season. Please visit the SeedStor for more information.

10+ Wheat Genome Lines

The 10+ Wheat Genome Project has completed its goal of generating chromosome pseudomolecule assemblies for 10 wheat cultivars and 5 scaffold assemblies. These cultivars were selected by each of the global partners to represent genetic diversity typical of breeding programs in their agroecological zones. Genome sequences have been assembled to reference quality using the NRgene DeNovo Magic 3.0 software for pseudomolecule assemblies.

UK Wheat Lines

Five wheat lines chosen for their importance in breeding and research in the United Kingdom have been sequenced and displayed in Ensembl as part of our contribution to the Designing Future Wheat project. This includes Claire, Cadenza, Paragon, Robigus and Weebill.

These scaffold-level assemblies were sequenced at the Earlham Institute as part of the wheat pan genome. Sequencing was performed on an Illumina HiSeq 2500 instrument with a 2x250 bp read metric targeting 45x raw coverage of the amplification-free library and 25x coverage of a combination of mate-pair libraries with inserts sizes >7 Kbp. Between 44 and 51x paired-end genome coverage was generated per line. Contigging was performed using the w2rap-contigger using k=200. Two mate-pair libraries were produced for each line except Weebill, where five libraries were used. Mate-pairs were processed, filtered and used to scaffold contigs as described in the w2rap pipeline. Scaffolds less than 500bp were removed from the final assemblies. The K-mer Analysis Toolkit was used to validate scaffolds by generating a kmer histogram from the matrix of kmers shared between the paired-end reads and the scaffolds.

Genes

Genes have been projected for all assemblies from the IWGSC RefSeq v1.1 annotation. De novo gene annotation is currently being worked on and will be added at a later stage.

CultivarScientific nameEnsembl AssemblyAccessionMore information
iconTriticum aestivum Arinalrfor
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Triticum aestivumPGSBv2.0GCA_903993985.1
iconTriticum aestivum Cadenza
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Triticum aestivumEIv1.1GCA_902810645.1
iconTriticum aestivum Claire
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Triticum aestivumEIv1.1GCA_902810655.1
iconTriticum aestivum Jagger
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Triticum aestivumPGSBv2.0GCA_903993795.1
iconTriticum aestivum Julius
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Triticum aestivumPGSBv2.0GCA_903994195.1
iconTriticum aestivum Lancer
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Triticum aestivumPGSBv2.0GCA_903993975.1
iconTriticum aestivum Landmark
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Triticum aestivumPGSBv2.0GCA_903995565.1
iconTriticum aestivum Mace
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Triticum aestivumPGSBv2.0GCA_903994175.1
iconTriticum aestivum Sy Mattis
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Triticum aestivumPGSBv2.0GCA_903994185.1
iconTriticum aestivum Norin61
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Triticum aestivumPGSBv2.0GCA_904066035.1
iconTriticum aestivum Paragon
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Triticum aestivumEIv1.1GCA_902810665.1
iconTriticum aestivum Robigus
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Triticum aestivumEIv1.1GCA_902810685.1
iconTriticum aestivum Stanley
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Triticum aestivumPGSBv2.0GCA_903994155.1
iconTriticum aestivum Weebill
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Triticum aestivumWeebilV1GCA_902810675.1

About this species