Musa acuminata (ASM31385v1)

Musa acuminata Assembly and Gene Annotation

About Musa acuminata

Musa acuminata (banana) is native to tropical South and Southeast Asia and is cultivated throughout the tropics. Grown primarily for its fruit, rich in starch, banana is the most popular fruit in industrialised countries. Cultivars mainly involve Musa acuminata (A-genome) and Musa balbisiana (B-genome) and are sometimes diploid but generally triploid. Banana is the first non-grass monocotyledon to be sequenced, making it an important genome for the comparative analysis of plants.


The genome sequence, assembly and protein coding genes annotation of the Musa acuminata ssp. malaccensis doubled-haploid genome have been generated by the Global Musa Genomics Consortium, led jointly by the CIRAD and the Genoscope.

Its genome was released in July 2012 consisting of 24,425 contigs and 7,513 scaffolds with a total length of 472.2 Mb, which represented 90% of the estimated DH-Pahang genome size. 70% of the assembly (332 Mb) were anchored along the 11 Musa linkage groups of the Pahang genetic map.


About 36,500 protein-coding genes were identified, as well as 235 microRNAs from 37 families.


  1. The Genetic Diversity of Banana in Figures.
    Lescot T.. 2011. FruiTrop..
  2. Image credit: Telrnya (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 ( or GFDL (], via Wikimedia Commons.
  3. The banana (Musa acuminata) genome and the evolution of monocotyledonous plants.
    D'Hont A, Denoeud F, Aury JM, Baurens FC, Carreel F, Garsmeur O, Noel B, Bocs S, Droc G, Rouard M et al. 2012. Nature. 488:213-217.

More information

General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.



AssemblyASM31385v1, INSDC Assembly GCA_000313855.1, Nov 2012
Database version100.1
Base Pairs390,578,572
Golden Path Length472,960,417
Genebuild byCirad
Genebuild methodImport
Data sourceGenoscope

Gene counts

Coding genes36,525
Non coding genes2,050
Small non coding genes2,038
Long non coding genes12
Gene transcripts38,575

About this species