Oryza meridionalis (Oryza_meridionalis_v1.3)

Oryza meridionalis Assembly and Gene Annotation

About Oryza meridionalis

Oryza meridionalis is a wild rice found in Australia, one of the wild rice species included in the OMAP project. It belongs to the AA genome group. It has 12 chromosomes with a nuclear genome size of 435 Mb (flow cytometry). It is found at edges of freshwater lagoons, temporary pools, and swamps in 15-20 cm of water and grows in black, clay soil in open habitats. This work was part of the Oryza Genome Evolution project funded by NSF Award #1026200 and in collaboration with Olivier Panaud and Robert Henry.


The genome sequence was generated and assembled by the Arizona Genomics Institute (AGI) using accession W2112. Illumina reads of different library sizes were assembled with Abyss; scaffolds were constructed with SSPACE, and gaps were closed with GapFiller. The estimated coverage from the WGS was 166x. Total sequence length 335,668,232 bp; Number of contigs 62,778; Contig N50: 9,149 bp.

The current assembly was updated from v1 to v1.3 (which mainly consisted in reducing gap size, breaking down or excluding contigs, and removing potential contaminating sequences, e.g. contigs bearing similarity to mitochondrial sequences); MAKER-P annotations were also updated.


Protein-coding gene annotation was performed with evidence-based MAKER-P genome annotation pipeline. Non coding RNA genes were predicted with Infernal and tRNA genes with tRNAscan. RepeatMasker was used to annotate repeats and transposable elements with Oryza-specific de novo repeat libraries. These analyses were conducted at Arizona Genomics Institute (AGI) led by Dr. Rod Wing.


  1. Genomes of 13 domesticated and wild rice relatives highlight genetic conservation, turnover and innovation across the genus Oryza.
    Stein JC, Yu Y, Copetti D, Zwickl DJ, Zhang L, Zhang C, Chougule K, Gao D, Iwata A, Goicoechea JL, Wei S, Wang J, Liao Y, Wang M, Jacquemin J, Becker C, Kudrna D, Zhang J, Londono CEM, Song X, Lee S, Sanchez P, Zuccolo A, Ammiraju JSS, Talag J, Danowitz A, Rivera LF, Gschwend AR, Noutsos C, Wu CC, Kao SM, Zeng JW, Wei FJ, Zhao Q, Feng Q, El Baidouri M, Carpentier MC, Lasserre E, Cooke R, Rosa Farias DD, da Maia LC, Dos Santos RS, Nyberg KG, McNally KL, Mauleon R, Alexandrov N, Schmutz J, Flowers D, Fan C, Weigel D, Jena KK, Wicker T, Chen M, Han B, Henry R, Hsing YC, Kurata N, de Oliveira AC, Panaud O, Jackson SA, Machado CA, Sanderson MJ, Long M, Ware D, Wing RA..
  2. The International Oryza Map Alignment Project: development of a genus-wide comparative genomics platform to help solve the 9 billion-people question.
    Jacquemin J, Bhatia D, Singh K, Wing RA..

Gramene/Ensembl Genomes Annotation

Additional annotations generated by the Gramene and Ensembl Plants project include:

  • Gene phylogenetic trees with other Gramene species.
  • LastZ Whole Genome Alignment to Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa Japonica (IRGSP v1) and other Oryza AA genomes.
  • Orthologue based DAGchainer synteny detection against other AA genomes.
  • Mapping to the genome of multiple sequence-based feature sets using Gramene BLAT pipeline.
  • Identification of various repeat features by programs such as RepeatMasker with MIPS and AGI repeat libraries, and Dust, TRF.

More information

General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.



AssemblyOryza_meridionalis_v1.3, INSDC Assembly GCA_000338895.2, Feb 2014
Database version111.13
Golden Path Length335,668,232
Genebuild byOGE
Genebuild methodImport
Data sourceOryza Genome Evolution Project

Gene counts

Coding genes29,308
Non coding genes933
Small non coding genes923
Long non coding genes10
Gene transcripts44,388