Marchantia polymorpha (Marchanta_polymorpha_v1)

Marchantia polymorpha Assembly and Gene Annotation

Marchantia polymorpha is a liverwort from a basal land plant lineage. It is almost cosmopolitan and can be found around human habitats in temperate regions. It is a model plant which has been studied for nearly 200 years. It has a short life cycle, it's easy to propagate, cross and transform and has a small haploid genome. Its life cycle alternates between multicellular haploid gametophyte and diploid sporophyte generations. Compared to other land plants exhibits low genetic redundancy.

The nuclear and organellar genomes of M. polymorpha subspecies ruderalis were sequenced using a whole-genome shotgun sequencing strategy with 27x mean coverage. A a single clonal female derived from backcross 4 between a male Tak-1 line and a female Tak-2 line, whose X chromosome was introgressed into a largely Tak-1 autosomal background. Nuclear genome v 3.1 assembly consists of 2,957 scaffolds (4,454 contigs) covering 225.8 Mb.


Repeated sequences were called with the Repeat Detector, which is part of the Ensembl Genomes repeat feature pipelines. Repeats length: 72587354 - Repeats content: 32.1%


  1. Insights into Land Plant Evolution Garnered from the Marchantia polymorpha Genome.
    Bowman JL, Kohchi T, Yamato KT et al. 2017. Cell. 171(2):287-304.
  2. Marchantia polymorpha : Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Morphology of a Model System.
    Shimamura M . 2016. Plant and Cell Physiology. 57(2):230256.

Picture credit: Manfred Morgner, CC BY-SA 3.0, 23 June 2002

More information

General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.



AssemblyMarchanta_polymorpha_v1, INSDC Assembly GCA_003032435.1,
Database version109.1
Golden Path Length225,760,816
Genebuild byJGI
Genebuild methodImport
Data sourceJoint Genome Institute

Gene counts

Coding genes19,287
Gene transcripts24,674