Eragrostis tef (ASM97063v1)

Eragrostis tef Assembly and Gene Annotation

About Eragrostis tef

Eragrostis tef, known as tef or teff, is a small-seeded allotetraploid cereal (2C=2n=4x=40). It is grown as a crop for human consumption in the Horn of Africa and cultivated for hay in countries such as South Africa, Australia, and the USA.


The genome of the Tsedey improved variety was assembled by the Tef Improvement Project ( at the Institute of Plant Sciences of the University of Bern, Switzerland, with assistance from the Swiss Institute of Bionformatics. A whole-genome shotgun strategy resulted in an average genome coverage of 44x with Illumina short reads and 7x with 454 pyrosequencing. The 672 Mb assembly contains around 14,000 nuclear scaffolds greater than 1000 bp and represents about 87% of the genome size estimated from flow cytometry.


Genes were annotated by the Tef Improvement Project using RNA-Seq data, a normalized transcriptome and UniProt monocots in combination with Augustus and SNAP in the Maker pipeline. Currently contains 41,555 protein-coding genes.

Repeated sequences were called with the Repeat Detector, which is part of the Ensembl Genomes repeat feature pipelines. Repeats length: 197140097 - Repeats content: 32.5%


  1. Genome and transcriptome sequencing identifies breeding targets in the orphan crop tef (Eragrostis tef).
    Cannarozzi G, Plaza-Wuthrich S, Esfeld K et al. 2014. BMC Genomics. 15:581.

Picture credit: Kaye Murri tef cultivar, Gina Cannarozzi

More information

General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.



AssemblyASM97063v1, INSDC Assembly GCA_000970635.1,
Database version108.1
Golden Path Length607,317,615
Genebuild byTPI
Genebuild methodImport
Data sourceTef Genome Sequencing Initiative

Gene counts

Coding genes41,920
Gene transcripts41,920