Arabidopsis thaliana (TAIR10)

Arabidopsis thaliana Assembly and Gene Annotation

About Arabidopsis thaliana

Arabidopsis thaliana is a small flowering plant that is widely used as a model organism in plant biology. Arabidopsis is a member of the mustard (Brassicaceae) family, which includes cultivated species such as cabbage and radish. Arabidopsis is not of major agronomic significance, but its small genome size and ease of cultivation offer important advantages for basic research in genetics and molecular biology. Arabidopsis thaliana has a genome size of ~135 Mb, and a haploid chromosome number of five.


The current genome assembly of Arabidopsis thaliana is TAIR10, produced by NCBI using data provided by TAIR, based in the Col-0 ecotype. It was determined by a BAC-by-BAC sequencing strategy anchored to chromosomes using a variety of genetic and physical maps.


This browser is based on data from Araport11 gene annotation, a comprehensive reannotation of the TAIR10 genome, released June, 2016. This annotation annotation was constructed using 113 public RNA-seq data sets along with annotation contributions from NCBI, UniProt, and laboratories conducting Arabidopsis thaliana research. Details of the structural and functional annotation steps to generate the Araport11 protein-coding gene set as well as consolidation and annotation of non-coding RNAs are described in


Mappings for probes from the following expression arrays have been added:


The Arabidopsis variation database was updated in release 36 (June 2017) to the latest 1001 variation data set, covering more than 10 million variant loci across 1,135 samples. The database also includes phenotypic data from a GWAS study of 107 phenotypes in 95 inbred lines.


  1. Araport11: a complete reannotation of the Arabidopsis thaliana reference genome.
    CHIA-YI Cheng, Vivek Krishnakumar, Agnes Chan, Seth Schobel, Christopher D. Town. 2017. Plant J.
  2. Analysis of the genome sequence of the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Arabidopsis Genome Initiative. 2000. Nature. 408:796-815.
  3. The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR): gene structure and function annotation.
    Swarbreck D, Wilks C, Lamesch P, Berardini TZ, Garcia-Hernandez M, Foerster H, Li D, Meyer T, Muller R, Ploetz L et al. 2008. Nucleic Acids Res.. 36:D1009-14.
  4. Genome-wide patterns of genetic variation in worldwide Arabidopsis thaliana accessions from the RegMap panel.
    Horton MW, Hancock AM, Huang YS, Toomajian C, Atwell S, Auton A, Muliyati NW, Platt A, Sperone FG, Vilhjlmsson BJ et al. 2012. Nat. Genet.. 44:212-216.
  5. Common sequence polymorphisms shaping genetic diversity in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Clark RM, Schweikert G, Toomajian C, Ossowski S, Zeller G, Shinn P, Warthmann N, Hu TT, Fu G, Hinds DA et al. 2007. Science. 317:338-342.
  6. Genome-wide association study of 107 phenotypes in Arabidopsis thaliana inbred lines.
    Atwell S, Huang YS, Vilhjlmsson BJ, Willems G, Horton M, Li Y, Meng D, Platt A, Tarone AM, Hu TT et al. 2010. Nature. 465:627-631.

Picture credit: Eric Belfield (University of Oxford)

More information

General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.



AssemblyTAIR10, INSDC Assembly GCA_000001735.1, Apr 2008
Database version111.11
Golden Path Length119,667,750
Genebuild byAraport11
Genebuild methodImport
Data sourceThe Arabidopsis Information Resource

Gene counts

Coding genes27,655
Non coding genes5,178
Small non coding genes1,697
Long non coding genes3,481
Gene transcripts54,013


FGENESH gene prediction20,579
Short Variants12,883,854