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Avena sativa OT3098 (Oat_OT3098_v2)

Avena sativa OT3098 Assembly and Gene Annotation

About Genus species

Cultivated oat (Avena sativa L.) is an allohexaploid (AACCDD, 2n = 6x = 42) thought to have been domesticated more than 3,000 years ago while growing as a weed in wheat, emmer and barley fields in Anatolia. Oat has a low carbon footprint, substantial health benefits and the potential to replace animal-based food products. Oat is a member of Poaceae, an economically important grass family that includes wheat, rice, barley, common millet, maize, sorghum and sugarcane. Avena species exist in nature as diploids, tetraploids and hexaploids and exhibit the greatest genetic diversity around the Mediterranean, Middle East, Canary Islands and Himalayas. Currently, oat is a global crop with production ranking seventh among cereals (http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/, accessed May 2021). Compared with that of other cereals, oat cultivation requires fewer treatments with insecticides, fungicides or fertilizers. Whole-grain oats are a healthy source of antioxidants, polyunsaturated fatty acids, proteins and dietary fibre such as β-glucan, which is important in post-meal glycaemic responses and for preventing cardiovascular disease. Cereals such as wheat, barley and rye store high amounts of gluten proteins in their grain; by contrast, oat and rice store globular proteins in their grain.

Assembly

The ot3098 oat assembly was sequenced by Pepsico and Corteva Agriscience. This was the first-ever sequencing of the full oat genome for use in open-source applications.

Annotation

68,571 gene were annotated and laoded into Ensembl Plants

  • https://european-seed.com/2020/06/pepsico-and-corteva-agriscience-announce-the-sequencing-of-the-full-oat-genome/
  • The mosaic oat genome gives insights into a uniquely healthy cereal crop.
    Kamal N, Tsardakas Renhuldt N, Bentzer J, Gundlach H, Haberer G, Juhász A, Lux T, Bose U, Tye-Din JA, Lang D, van Gessel N, Reski R, Fu YB, Spégel P, Ceplitis A, Himmelbach A, Waters AJ, Bekele WA, Colgrave ML, Hansson M, Stein N, Mayer KFX, Jellen EN, Maughan PJ, Tinker NA, Mascher M, Olsson O, Spannagl M, Sirijovski N.. Nature 606 (7912)

Picture credit: Wikipedia

More information

General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.

Statistics

Summary

AssemblyOat_OT3098_v2, INSDC Assembly GCA_022788535.1,
Database version112.1
Golden Path Length10,839,200,031
Genebuild byUSDA
Genebuild methodExternal annotation import
Data sourcePepsico

Gene counts

Coding genes65,025
Non coding genes3,546
Small non coding genes3,546
Gene transcripts273,030