e.g. Carboxy* or chx28

All genomes

View full list of all Ensembl Plants species

What's New in Release 23

Did you know...?

The bread wheat A, B and D component genomes have been compared, allowing us to call orthology relationships between them, identifying the so called homoeologous genes.Click here for example. Relationships between the component genomes can also now be browsed in our new region comparison view. Click here for example.

  • New genomes
  • Updated genomes
  • New data
    • ncRNA annotation for Triticum aestivum (bread wheat).
    • Probes from the Affymetrix barley genome array aligned to Hordeum vulgare (barley).
    • New Zea mays (maize) variation data based on Panzea release 2.7.
    • New Sorghum bicolor (sorghum) variation data from Mace et al. 2013.
    • New Triticum aestivum (bread wheat) variation data from Axiom, iSelect and KASP array sets.
    • Two transcriptome datasets from diploid einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum), generated by Jaiswal's Lab, have been aligned to barley, bread wheat and Triticum urartu genomes using STAR.
    • TriFLDB full-length cDNA sequences aligned to bread wheat genome.
    • New whole genome alignments for bread wheat against barley.
  • Updated data
    • Updated gene-trees across all 38 species.
    • Updated gene, sequence and variation BioMarts.
    • Updated GO term and gene name projection from Arabidopsis thaliana to all dicots.

Variation data for bread wheat

IWGCS logoRelease 23 of Ensembl Plants includes three pubilc variation datasets for bread wheat hosted by CerealsDB: the 820K Axiom SNP array, the 80K iSelect array, and the KASP probe set. In total, ~724,000 SNPs have been imported from 248 samples based on probe alignments to the reference sequence performed at The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC). The data has been processed into the Ensembl variation infrastructure, allowing users search for SNPs by SNP ID (BA or BS nomenclature), find nearby genes, and view or download variation consequences.

The bread wheat genome in Ensembl Plants is the chromosome survey sequence for Triticum aestivum cv. Chinese Spring generated by the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium. The gene models are provided by MIPS (version 2.2). A total of 99,386 protein coding genes have been predicted.

See also the wheat homepage at URGI logo

Read more about the assembly, annotation, variation and analysis of bread wheat provided by Ensembl Plants...

Ensembl Plants is developed in coordination with other plant genomics and bioinformatics groups via the EBI's role in the transPLANT consortium. The transPLANT project is funded by the European Commission within its 7th Framework Programme, under the thematic area "Infrastructures", contract number 283496.

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Wheat genomics resources are developed as part of our involvement in the consortium Triticeae Genomics For Sustainable Agriculture, funded by the BBSRC, and led by TGAC.

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Databases are constructed in a direct collaboration with the Gramene resource, funded by the United States National Science Foundation award #1127112. More information about our collaboration with Gramene in available here.

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Ensembl Genomes is developed by EMBL-EBI and is powered by the Ensembl software system for the analysis and visualisation of genomic data. For details of our funding please click here.