For easy access to commonly used genomes, drag from the bottom list to the top one ·
- Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis thaliana)
- Oryza sativa Japonica (Rice) (Oryza sativa Japonica Group)
- Triticum aestivum (Triticum aestivum)
- Hordeum vulgare (Hordeum vulgare)
- Zea mays (Zea mays)
- Physcomitrella patens (Physcomitrella patens subsp. patens)
Other available species
- Aegilops tauschii (Aegilops tauschii)
- Amborella trichopoda (Amborella trichopoda)
- Arabidopsis lyrata (Arabidopsis lyrata subsp. lyrata)
- Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium distachyon)
- Brassica rapa (Brassica rapa)
- Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
- Cyanidioschyzon merolae (Cyanidioschyzon merolae strain 10D)
- Glycine max (Glycine max)
- Medicago truncatula (Medicago truncatula)
- Musa acuminata (Musa acuminata)
- Oryza barthii (Oryza barthii)
- Oryza brachyantha (Oryza brachyantha)
- Oryza glaberrima (Oryza glaberrima)
- Oryza glumaepatula (Oryza glumaepatula)
- Oryza meridionalis (Oryza meridionalis)
- Oryza nivara (Oryza nivara)
- Oryza punctata (Oryza punctata)
- Oryza sativa Indica Group (Oryza sativa Indica Group)
- Populus trichocarpa (Populus trichocarpa)
- Prunus persica (Prunus persica)
- Selaginella moellendorffii (Selaginella moellendorffii)
- Setaria italica (Setaria italica)
- Solanum lycopersicum (Solanum lycopersicum)
- Solanum tuberosum (Solanum tuberosum)
- Sorghum bicolor (Sorghum bicolor)
- Triticum urartu (Triticum urartu)
- Vitis vinifera (Vitis vinifera)
What's New in Release 22
- New genomes
- Updated genomes
- Triticum aestivum (bread wheat) gene models updated to v2.1.
- New data
- Whole genome alignments within T. aestivum, between its component A, B, and D genomes.
- Calculation of homoeologous genes between the T. aestivum component A, B and D genomes.
- Whole genome alignments between Amborella trichopoda and the two following genomes, Oryza sativa Japonica and Arabidopsis thaliana.
- Whole genome alignments between Prunus persica and the three following genomes, Oryza sativa Japonica, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Vitis vinifera.
- Whole genome alignments between the five new rice genomes and Oryza sativa Japonica as well as against each other.
- New variation data for Sorghum bicolor based on the SAP panel (Morris et. al. 2013).
- ESTs alignments against Prunus persica genome using STAR aligner.
- Wheat ESTs alignment against bread wheat and its wild progenitors, Triticum urartu, and Aegilops tauschii, using STAR aligner.
- Updated data
- Updated wheat UniGene alignments against bread wheat and against its wild progenitors.
- Peptide comparative genomics
Comparing the bread wheat component genomes
Hexaploid bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) was formed by two separate hybridization events, bringing together the diploid progenitor genomes into a single species where they have been independently maintained. The A, B and D component genomes have been compared, allowing us to call orthology relationships between them, identifying the so called homoeologous genes. Click here for example. Relationships between the component genomes can also now be browsed in our new region comparison view. Click here for example.
The bread wheat genome in Ensembl Plants is the chromosome survey sequence for Triticum aestivum cv. Chinese Spring generated by the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium. The gene models are provided by MIPS (version 2.1). A total of 99,386 protein coding genes have been predicted.
Ensembl Plants is developed in coordination with other plant genomics and bioinformatics groups via the EBI's role in the transPLANT consortium. The transPLANT project is funded by the European Commission within its 7th Framework Programme, under the thematic area "Infrastructures", contract number 283496.
Wheat genomics resources are developed as part of our involvement in the consortium Triticeae Genomics For Sustainable Agriculture. Barley genomics resources are funded through the UK barley genome sequencing project. Both projects are funded by the BBSRC.
Databases are constructed in a direct collaboration with the Gramene resource, funded by the United States National Science Foundation award #1127112. More information about our collaboration with Gramene in available here.