About Zea mays
Maize or Zea mays had the highest world-wide production of all grain crops in 2019. Although a food staple in many regions of the world, most is used for animal feed and ethanol fuel. Maize was domesticated from wild teosinte in Central America and its cultivation spread throughout the Americas by Pre-Columbian civilisations. In addition to its economic value, maize is an important model organism for studies in plant genetics, physiology, and development. It has a large genome of about 2.4 gigabases with a haploid chromosome number of 10 (2n=2x=20) [2-4]. Maize is distinguished from other grasses in that its genome arose from an ancient tetraploidy event unique to its lineage. This sequence corresponds to inbred line B73.
Taxonomy ID 4577
Data source nam-genomes
What can I find? Protein-coding and non-coding genes, splice variants, cDNA and protein sequences, non-coding RNAs.
Download genes, cDNAs, ncRNA, proteins - FASTA - GFF3
What can I find? Homologues, gene trees, and whole genome alignments across multiple species.
More about comparative analyses
Phylogenetic overview of gene families
Download alignments (EMF)
What can I find? Short sequence variants.
More about variation in Ensembl Plants
Download all variants - GVF - VCF - VEP
What can I find? Microarray annotations.
More about the Ensembl Plants microarray annotation strategy